Manipur: 14 Wind-Solar Hybrid systems implemented in State
Under the programme of Small Wind Energy and Hybrid System (SWES) of Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE), Govt of India, had implemented 14 Wind-Solar Hybrid Systems in the State with a capacity of 10 kwp each for electrification at 14 villages of the State. Manipur Renewable Energy Development Agency (MANIREDA) is responsible for the selection of the villages after conducting wind resource assessment to the hilly sites where wind energy can be tapped for power generation. The details of location of the selected villages are Chawangkining 10 kw, Kotlane 10 kw, Dolang Khunou 10 kw, Tingkai 10 kw, Sankumai 10 kw, and Regional Potato Farm, Mao of Senapati district; Chorjeng Lunghar 10 kw, Hongbei 10 kw, Phungyar 10 kw, Phungyar HQ 10 kw of Ukhrul district; Lamdan 10 kw of Churachandpur district; Lamdangmei 10 kw of Tamenglong district; Tengnoupal 10 kw and Tengnoupal HQ 10 kw of Chandel district. MANIREDA is the State Nodal Agency of the Ministry of MNRE, Government of India. Upto 25 MW capacity, State nodal agency can take up Small Hydro Power (SHP) projects in the State too. In order to promote SHP development in India, under the Small Hydro incentives schemes of MNRE, the Ministry will provide financial assistance for identification of new potential SHP sites and preparation of plan and preparation of Detail Project Report at the rate of Rs 2 lakh for each project upto 1 MW capacity and Rs 5 lakh for each project with more than 1 MW and upto 25 MW capacity to the State Govt departments/ agencies.
Despite being endowed with rich hydro power potential, Manipur has been facing power crisis for a long time. For solving the need of power, the rich hydel resources are required to be tapped in a systematic way. Small/mini/micro hydro is attractive because it is a renewable energy sources that can never be exhausted which also avoids the pollution associated with burning fuels. Small/mini/micro hydro power is generally run off river and therefore avoids construction of large dams/reservoirs. Solar thermal energy is also another area that MADIREDA is taking up for solving power crisis in Manipur. It can be utilised to heat water for domestic use. By installing a solar water heater of 100 LPD capacity (2sq m collector area), it can save around five units of power/energy per day totalling 1500 units per year equivalent to electric geyser of 2 kw capacity in a home. Under the Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission (JNNSM), Govt of India, MANIREDA has implemented 6680 sq m collector area equivalent to 3340 nos of 100 LPD Flat Plate Collector Type of solar water heaters in Manipur which were completely commissioned on June 26, 2013. Renewable energy sources particularly solar energy is used to provide basic domestic light to remote and inaccessible villages where electrification through conventional sources is not viable. 90 (ninety) villages had already been electrified by MANIREDA through solar lighting systems under Remote Village Electrification (RVE) programme of the Ministry of New and Renewable energy (MNRE), Govt of India and another three villages by biomass gasifier systems since the year 2004-05 till 2008-09.
Under the programme of Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission (JNNSM) of Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE), Govt of India, MANIREDA is implementing 1400 W-LED based solar street lighting system at nine district headquarters of Manipur with a total capacity of 280 kw. The system comprises 200 wp SPV modules, 150 AH tubular gel type VRLA battery, 45W luminary with a pole height of 7m from ground level. Altogether, 541 nos of Solar Street lights have been installed at Imphal East (campus of Jawaharlal Nehru Institute of Medical Sciences (JNIMS), Porompat and Imphal West district (Manipur High Court Complex, Mantripukhri), Thoubal district headquarters highway, Moirang Sendra road etc. Foundation work is underway at Churachandpur and Senapati district headquarters. The MNRE has launched “Unnat Chulha Abhiyan” programme to promote the development of household and community level improved cook stove (Unnat Chulha) in the country. Under this programme, the Ministry has allocated the targets of 1000 family type and 200 community type cook stoves chulha and released an amount of Rs 5.88 lakh advance towards 1st instalment for implementation of Unnat Chulha Abhiyan (UCA) during the year 2014-15. Also, Rs 4.55 lakh released as 1st instalment for 2015-16. In line with National initiative on renewable energy, MANIREDA has identified the thrust area as generation of grid interactive rooftop solar power, addition of off-grid solar power plant, implementation of hydro power projects, electrification of un-electrified remote villages by SPV systems and to explore possibilities of continuation of solar water heater programme.