In an attempt to keep Infraline Energys’ readers abreast with the key issues and challenges engulfing the sector, Infraline Energy tries to bring forth the opinion of key personnel whose decisions and opinion play a vital role in shaping the sector. Please find below excerpts from the interview that Infraline Energy conducted:
Efficiency improvement of thermal, nuclear expansion key for future
Yoshiaki Inayama, Managing Director, Toshiba JSW Power Systems Pvt Ltd, feels that despite the surge in renewable energy capacity, thermal sector will continue to maintain the lead in Power Generation. Further, use of super critical technologies would benefit India in providing more reliable and affordable power. Excerpts:
What is your outlook on the thermal sector in India considering that demand has tapered off in recent times with no new capacity addition planned?
Thermal power has always been the main contributor to India’s energy requirement and would remain largest modality for ensuring Energy security. It continues to serve as the cornerstone of the grid as it provides stable energy output and retains its position of providing reliable and affordable power. With the introduction of Ultra Super Critical and forthcoming Advanced Ultra Super Critical technology having higher efficiency provides environmentally friendly energy.
To support India’s economic growth, the growth in electric power is must and in consideration of direct relation of GDP growth and Power growth, the development of environment friendly fossil fuel based power is necessary.
To keep the high quality equipment cost competitive, TJPS is also continuously improving the manufacturing ecosystem for local sourced components by developing and expanding its vendor base in India. We appreciate and support increase content of renewable energy as projected by Government of India we shall continue to develop and apply Technologies such as Ultra Super Critical (USC) and Advanced-Ultra Super Critical (AUSC) that are efficient and environmentally friendly thus reducing carbon emissions. We are confident that in near future application of USC and AUSC technology will be introduced by India to enhance the performance as well supporting capacity addition.
How has thermal sector growth been impacted by growth in renewable energy capacity?
India’s power sector is one of the most diversified in the world with sources of power ranging from conventional to renewable sources. Today, of the 305.5GW installed capacity, thermal power has the largest contribution at 212.5GW, followed by hydro 42.97 GW, renewable energy 44.24 GW and nuclear 5.8 GW. To cater to the increasing energy demand, the Government’s Twelfth Five Year Plan for 2012 to 2017 aims at boosting generation capacity by 88.5 GW, of which 80% of the capacity addition is planned from Thermal Power Generation.
In consideration of demand forecast to meet the GDP growth target for next two decades, we believe Thermal sector will continue to be maintaining the lead in Power Generation because of instability of renewable energy. Considering environmental factor, efficiency improvement of thermal, stability improvement of renewable and nuclear expansion will be keys for future. Toshiba group can contribute in all these areas and TJPS can contribute efficiency improvement of thermal power generation by applying USC and AUSC technology for new construction including scrap and build and proper maintenance of operating plant utilizing Toshiba’s state of the art technologies. This takes us a step further in our endeavor to contribute to Indian’s suitable power supply by its endeavor of continued innovations. We have capability and experience to apply & execute such technologies for the growth of industries ‘for the next India’.
What kind of new technologies can India benefit from in the thermal sector?
Since 2004, India applied use of Super Critical technology and is now at the advent of applying Ultra Super Critical technologies with a vision of applying Advance-Ultra Super Critical technologies in near future. This would benefit India to providing more reliable and affordable power as these technologies are more efficient. We believe with application of such technologies and development of materials for such technologies, the Make in India will get further boost.
In Japanese coal thermal plants, the Operation and maintenance is given high importance and best practices are followed to ensure that performance levels are not deteriorated beyond global acceptance norms. We continue to bring plants very near to design performance levels over the designed life of plant by applying best techniques and practices. We shall be applying similar practices ensuring better performance over the designed life of Power equipment manufactured by us.
What are your views on the ‘Make in India’ initiative of the Government? How has it impacted the power equipment market?
Government’s ‘Make in India’ campaign has further reinforced the conducive policies laid down to achieve a more reliable and stable power supply required for the growth of critical industries. With this initiative, many multinational companies have set up base in India that not only will help in creating a strong local manufacturing ecosystem for components and equipments, but will also augment the technology transfer and development of skills the youth of India deserves.
Toshiba, long before the announcement of the ‘Make in India’ campaign had identified and established India as its manufacturing base and development hub having skilled manpower. Furthering our commitment, TJPS started its own Welding Training School at the Chennai factory, and tied up with the local chapters of Industrial Training Institute to impart on-site skill development training. In addition, many engineers at TJPS factory are trained by Japanese engineers visiting India or are sent for a training program at the Toshiba factory in Japan. With our commitment, capability, and experience, we will continue to contribute for the growth of industries ‘for the next India’.
What are the key issues facing the power sector in India today? Please provide suggestions to address them.
While several initiatives have been taken by respective government agencies at Centre and also in States, we do believe that intent of providing reliable, affordable “Power for All” has not met the success as envisaged. We feel this could be due to mismatch between Generation capacity, Transmission network and Distribution network. We also observe that Distribution network is quite old which impacts the operation to large extent. We feel that integration of Generation, Transmisison, and Distribution with applications of technologies in all that compliment each domain would help in overcoming technological bottlenecks and reduce the losses and this lost energy will be available to the consumers.
In addition to that, carbon dioxide emission reduction will be one of the most important issues for power sector in India. In order to respond this challenge, efficiency improvement of thermal, stability improvement of renewable energy and nuclear expansion will be keys for future. Toshiba can provide solution for this challenge.
The other area which needs to be addressed is infrastructure which needs to be available for rapid development of Projects and also for effective operations.
Please share your presence in the power sector in India.
Toshiba has a pedigree of over 60 years of expertise in power and a strong lineage of association with India, entering the thermal power market by supplying two 500MW subcritical steam turbines and generators at Anpara B thermal power plant. Today, Toshiba JSW Power Systems Pvt ltd (TJPS), with its state-of-art manufacturing facility at Chennai to manufacture Subcritical, Supercritical and Ultra supercritical Turbine and Generator with unit capacities in the range of 250MW to 1000MW, has already established itself as a dominant player in the supercritical steam turbines and generators (STG) in the 800MW category in India, having won orders for ten sets in all.
In line with the Group’s ‘Make in India’ commitment and its business strategy to keep the high quality equipment cost competitive, TJPS recently shipped its first ‘Made in India’ steam turbine generator. The 800-megawatt steam turbine generator (STG) for Unit 2 of the Kudgi Super-critical Thermal Power Station in Karnataka state is Toshiba’s first large-scale generation system to be manufactured and assembled with locally procured parts and systems, and tested in India. Toshiba JSW is geared up to contribute to the government’s goal to provide 24x7 electricity for residential, industrial, commercial, and agriculture use ‘for the next India’.
Infraline Energy would like to thank the contributor for his/her valuable time and opinion shared on the topic.