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Published:Thursday, March 12, 2020 4:34 PM

Development of Rural Road in India Under PMGSY “A Quick Check”

Development of Rural Road in India Under PMGSY “A Quick Check”

Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) is a special program to focus on rural road of India and to strengthen rural connectivity, as per the program guidelines, State Government is directly responsible for Maintenance of rural roads constructed under Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY). The State Governments are needed to keep check the maintenance of the entire Core Network, specially the road works upgraded or constructed under the PMGSY.

As per the standard bidding document all road works constructed under PMGSY are covered by initial five year maintenance contracts to be entered into along with the construction contract and with the same contractor.
The length of rural roads constructed and average length of road constructed per day under the Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) during the last three years and the current year till 27th February, 2020 given below,

State-Wise Allocation of Road Length Under PMGSY-III
The  Government  has  approved  phase-III  of  Pradhan  Mantri  Gram  Sadak  Yojana (PMGSY) with an aim to consolidate 1,25,000 km Through Routes and Major Rural Links connecting habitations, Gramin Agricultural Markets, Higher Secondary Schools and Hospitals at an estimated cost of Rs 80,250 crore (Central Share- Rs. 53,800 crore, State Share- Rs. 26,450 crore).
Financial Outlay of Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojna (PMGSY) 2020-21
The average rate of highways construction was 11.67 km per day in financial year 2013-14 and the same was about 30 km per day during 2018-19 and average rate of construction during 2019 -20 till December 2019 is 25.24 km per day, on other hand PMGSY achieved around 60 km per day target for this FY till February which is far lower than 130 km per day target achieved last financial year.
Rural Road Vs National Highway Challenges
Implementation of PMGSY is lagging behind in few States primarily due to following reasons:-
(i)   Short working season
(ii)  Scarcity of construction material
(iii) Difficult terrain
(iv) Most remote habitations remaining for connectivity
(v)  Climate change and unpredictable adverse weather in recent years
(v)  Inadequate execution and contracting capacity
The major challenge Government is facing to improve National Highways are,
(i)   Land acquisition,
(ii)  Shifting of utilities,
(iii) Environment & Forest Clearance,
(iv) Wild life clearance
(iv) Availability of less working season in Hilly region,
(v) Non-availability of skill man power and local Agencies in hilly region.
Reform of farm and agriculture sector are directly linked to rural road, proper planning and implementation of new technology in road construction can surely help to achieve per day construction target in coming financial year, as per various industry reports India is expected to be the third largest construction market globally by 2022.  

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