The National Water Policy (2002) envisages that the water resources of the country should be developed and managed in an integrated manner. On one hand the pressures of development are changing the distribution of water in the country, while on the other hand access to adequate water has been cited as the primary factor responsible for limiting development. The average availability of water is reducing steadily with the growing population and it is estimated that by 2020 India will become a water stressed nation. Given the projected growth of population by the year 2025, the per capita availability is likely to drop drastically leading to scarcity.
Though the availability of water is limited the demand of water is increasing rapidly due to growing population, urbanization, industrialization and economic development. The key challenges to better management of the water quality in India are temporal and spatial variation of rainfall, improper management of surface run-o? , uneven geographic distribution of surface water resources, persistent droughts, overuse of groundwater, and contamination, drainage, and salinization and water quality problems due to treated, partially treated, and untreated wastewater from urban settlements, industrial establishments, and run-o? from the irrigation sector besides poor management of municipal solid waste and animal dung in rural areas. The most polluting of them are the city sewage and industrial waste discharged into the rivers.
Presently, only about 10% of the waste water generated is treated, the rest is discharged as it is into our water bodies. The facilities to treat waste water are not adequate in any city in India. Treatment of waste water, sewage treatment and solid, liquid and chemical waste, water technology, environmental services, desalination companies, consulting and engineering are some services that India will require to tackle the water problem.
The government is also coming up with a revised national water policy for the Improvement of water use efficiency, urban and rural water supply and sanitation. This revised policy will give a new opportunity to private players for implementation of new technologies in water supply and sanitation. To discuss and elaborate on the above points, InfralineEnergy is organizing a Two day conference on Water & Waste Water Management in India to create a platform for knowledge sharing for all stakeholders in the water and wastewater sector. It covers a rich variety of subjects, technologies and practices, thereby giving a comprehensive overview on the subject. The objective of the programme would be to allow water professionals from industry, government and trade to learn and understand some of the latest developments and opportunities in this sector.
All water industry personnel involved in the operation and maintenance of urban, rural and industrial water related infrastructure for the management, conveyance, treatment, discharge and reuse of water and trade wastes should attend this conference.