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Published:Monday, January 07, 2019 5:58 PM

Roads and Highways - Year End Review

Roads and Highways

2018-19 was declared as the “Year of Construction” by the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways and many policy, amendments and completion of big projects were realised in the past one year. Although, in the rainy season, country witnessed slowdown in per day road construction but are moving around 30 km per day length construction speed. The total length of NH’s has been enhanced from about 91,287 kms as on 31.03.2014 to about 1,31,326 kms at present. The Ministry has also approved In-Principle declaration length of 53,031 kms of State roads as new National Highway subject to the outcome of the Detailed Project Reports (DPRs).

At present, overall cumulative cost of INR 6.48 lakh crore with the length of 61,300 kms are in progress. For projects awarded between 2015-16 road ministry took decision to complete those projects in early 2019 and set the highest ever target of construction of 12,000 kms national highways as against 9,829 kms achieved during 2017-18. Under current financial year in the first nine months of 2018-19, 5,759 kms has been completed against 4,942 kms up to same period with respect to last year.

Award / Construction Statistics

The table below details the trends of NH construction over the years:

Year

Award (kms)

Construction (kms)

2014-15

7,972

4,410

2015-16

10,098

6,061

2016-17

15,948

8,231

2017-18

17,055

9,829

 

State Wise Details of Roads Construction

SR No

State / UT

2017-18

2018-19 (Nov 2018)

1

Andhra Pradesh

459

210

2

Arunachal Pradesh

188

42

3

Assam

305

76

4

Bihar

343

222

5

Chandigarh

0

0

6

Chhattisgarh

522

265

7

Delhi

139

29

8

Goa

20

7

9

Gujarat

189

59

10

Haryana

291

168

11

Himachal Pradesh

135

102

12

Jammu & Kashmir

162

70

13

Jharkhand

238

150

14

Karnataka

769

417

15

Kerala

16

32

16

Madhya Pradesh

594

406

17

Maharashtra

1,338

1,262

18

Manipur

231

109

19

Meghalaya

48

1

20

Mizoram

43

13

21

Nagaland

4

7

22

Odisha

554

205

23

Puducherry

17

9

24

Punjab

357

127

25

Rajasthan

1,074

406

26

Sikkim

45

20

27

Tamil Nadu

307

243

28

Telangana

161

208

29

Tripura

87

32

30

Uttar Pradesh

695

646

31

Uttarakhand

256

123

32

West Bengal

222

63

33

A&N Islands

21

31

Total

9,829

5,759

Core reason for delays in some National Highway (NH) projects:

  • Delay in Land Acquisition
  • Delay in Statutory Clearances
  • Delay in ROB Clearance
  • Delay in Handing Over of Irrigation Land
  • Delay in Shifting of Utilities
  • Addition / Deletion / Relocation of Various Structures
  • Financial Crunch of the Concessionaire 

Further, various other initiatives are being taken towards bringing in more transparency and accountability in highway projects. Total funds of INR 2,55,686 Cr including Central Road Fund (CRF) & Borrowings were utilized by NHAI during last four years and current financial year up to Nov 2018.

The details of NH’s constructed by NHAI from 2015-16 to 2017-18 is as under:

Year             

Length of NH constructed (in km)

2015-16

1,988

2016-17

2,628

2017-18

3,071

 

National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) has constructed 1,938 kms of NH’s during the FY 2018-19 (up to Nov 2018).

Land Acquisition

As land acquisition always has been a major challenge and issue which pushes projects to delay which results higher costs and time overrun.

The details of total land acquired, and total compensation paid by the NHAI in the country since year 2014 is as follows:

Sr. No.

Year

Area Acquired (Ha)

Expenditure (Rs Cr)

1.

2014-15

6733

9,097

2.

2015-16

9287

21,000

3.

2016-17

7491

19,700

4.

2017-18

9494

29,281

5.

2018-19 (up to Oct)

6435

17,893

 

Road Safety

Reduction in number of road accidents

Statistics show that there is a marginal reduction in road fatalities in past few years which is a good sign and was because of public following traffic rules and safety awareness among commuters.

Parameter

2016

2017

% change over previous year

Number of road accidents

4,80,652

4,64,910

(-) 3.3

No. of persons killed

1,50,785

1,47,913

(-) 1.9

Some Big Initiative

Bharatmala Pariyojna, one of the biggest road development program after NHDP has a huge investment scope as CCEA approved the proposal for investment for Phase- I of the program. It includes development of 9,000 kms of economic corridor, 6,000 kms of feeder roads, 5,000 kms of national corridor efficiency, 2,000 kms of border road and international connectivity, 800 kms of expressway and 10,000 kms of balance NHDP work which is set to get completed by 2021-22.

Generally, the implementation period of National Highway or other road projects vary between two years to four years. If we talk about current status, around 1,681 number of National Highway or road development projects with total length of about 54,866 kms are due or we can say, they are in various stages of progress in different States or Union Territories.

Past one year shows positive changes for roads infrastructure sector where more financial closer, new project award, completion of big projects including roads/bridges and tunnel were achieved. There is a proverb which says, slow and steady always wins the race and for road infrastructure we can hope that the government could follow this rule so the target of 45 km per day and 300 projects by March 2019 could be achieved

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